Japan marks 73rd anniversary of Hiroshima atomic bombing amid Korea denuclearization hopes

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Japan suffered two nuclear attacks by the United States at the end of World War II - the first on Hiroshima and then Nagasaki three days later.

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, whose government has chosen not to participate in the UN Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, said at the ceremony that Japan's responsibility was to bridge the gap between nuclear and non-nuclear nations.

Doves fly over the cenotaph dedicated to the victims of the atomic bombing during a ceremony to mark the 73rd anniversary of the bombing at Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park in Hiroshima.

Joining Cincinnati Edition to discuss efforts to prevent future use of nuclear weapons are Director of the Peace Resource Center at Wilmington College, Dr. Tanya Maus; and Wilmington College Adjunct Professor of Public History and Cincinnati Art Museum Digital Specialist Rachel Ellison.

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"Themes will key on current concerns about the potential use of nuclear weapons, the status of safeguards and monitors on the inventory of such weapons around the world, (including in the U.S.) and re-exploring the long memory about the terrible loss of life caused by two nuclear bombs dropped on two different Japanese cities within days of each other", according to a news release from the Arkansas Coalition for Peace and Justice.

Organizers of this year's observance hope to draw attention to the treaty and have the U.S.be the first of the nuclear powers to take the first steps in ratifying it. "That is precisely why we must continue talking about Hiroshima", Matsui said. In order to gain cooperation from both sides, it is important for everyone to understand "the reality of the tragedy of nuclear attacks", he said, reiterating Japan's pledge to maintain its pacifist and non-nuclear principles.

As of March, the number of hibakusha stood at 154,859.

Pigeons fly over the Peace Memorial Park in Hiroshima, Japan, on August 6, 2018.

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The bombs claimed the lives of 140,000 people in Hiroshima and 74,000 people in Nagasaki.

Makita said for a long time the experience of the bombing was "so painful" to recall, but from around the 70th anniversary of the attack she has started to feel the need to share her experience with her grandchildren. "We were only told what we needed to know, and keep your mouth shut".

Three days later, a second United States atomic bomb killed 70,000 people in Nagasaki. "I want Japan to work toward eliminating nuclear weapons", Ota added.

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