Orbit the moon astronaut made a scandalous statement

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Thomas Reinertsen Berg is a Norwegian journalist and writer.

Fifty years ago, Bill Anders, Jim Lovell and Frank Borman became the first humans to leave Earth's orbit, arriving at the moon on Christmas Eve. On Apollo 13, who actually said the famous words?

Thomas Reinertsen Berg, author of "Theater of the World".

As Americans reflect on the anniversary, the display highlights what the mission did for the space program. He said that the US space Agency is now much weaker than it was during the program "Apollo". Even before the Second World War, the artist Chesley Bonestell had painted imaginary views of planetary surfaces.

In 1570, the Flemish cartographer Abraham Ortelius published the first atlas in the world.

GERRY CARR: Apollo 8, Houston. "And darkness was upon the face of the deep..." "We were positioned so we basically couldn't see the moon the whole time from leaving Earth until getting into lunar orbit", Anders says.

Everyone eventually agreed: Ten orbits it would be.

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It was the first "Earthrise" witnessed in human history. I can see most of South America, all the way up to Central America, Yucatan, and the peninsula of Florida.

"Hey, I got it right here!"

LOVELL: By that time, I got down there, saw that we lost two fuel cells.

"Well, we were told that we would have the largest audience that ever listened to a human voice before", said Borman.

What's really interesting about the Earthrise image is that it was completely unplanned and serendipitous.

For missions further into the solar system, NASA used three principal stations: one near Canberra in Australia which included Honeysuckle Creek, another at Madrid in Spain, and the third at Goldstone in California. There would be only the single engine of the command module, which would be needed repeatedly - to fly to the moon, to enter lunar orbit, to escape from the lunar orbit, and to return to earth. "We got thousands of telegrams after the flight, but the one that struck me the most said, 'Thank you Apollo 8". Their job was also to document possible landing sites on the southern plains of Mare Tranquillitatis.

As the turbulent year neared its end, millions of Americans watched an emotional broadcast of the Apollo 8 crew reading from the book of Genesis as the craft orbited the moon on Christmas Eve. There's the Earth coming up.

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"Oh my God, look at that picture over there!" And Anders says it forever changed the way people think about where we live.

With modern digital technology, however, the real first Earthrise image - originally in black and white - has now been remastered to have the combined resolution and color of the first three images. I can't remember what Lovell got.

"When the Earth came up over the lunar horizon, that's when it really impressed me as to how much more delicate the Earth was", Anders said in a recent interview with the Today show's Harry Smith.

Such a sight inspires contrasting feelings.

Borman ended the broadcast with, "And from the crew of Apollo 8, we close with good night, good luck, a Merry Christmas, and God bless all of you - all of you on the good Earth".

But Anders did take the picture, first in black-and-white, and then in color. It was a thrilling, life-changing perspective, the first humans separated from Earth's biosphere'.

Earthrise is now one of the most reproduced space photos of all time, appearing on U.S. postage stamps, posters, and the cover of Time magazine in 1969.

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Three happy Apollo 8 astronauts, Frank Borman, left, William A. Anders, center, and James A. Lovell, stroll across the deck of the USS Yorktown after their recovery from the Pacific Ocean, Dec. 28, 1968.