First partial solar eclipse of 2019 witnessed today

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It was the first solar eclipse seen in Japan since March 9, 2016, when a partial eclipse occurred in the morning. For a solar eclipse to happen, the moon has to cross the Earth's plane at the same time that it's sitting between the Earth and the sun.

This doesn't occur every month, as the moon has a slight incline in its orbit and often misses earth's shadow.

In terms of celestial events, 2019 is already shaping up to be a year full of dazzling sky shows - from meteor showers to a super rare planet transit and multiple eclipses, yes, multiple.

During totality, the moon's surface will turn a copper-orange colour due to the sunlight refracting through our atmosphere.

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The moon will be at the nearest point to Earth. For the first time in 10 years Mercury will be visible from Earth.

During a partial solar eclipse, the moon, the sun and Earth don't align in a perfectly straight line, and the moon casts only the outer part of its shadow, the penumbra, on Earth. The total eclipse begins at 11:41 p.m. and the maximum eclipse comes at 12:12 a.m., ending 12:43 a.m., says the site.

Beginning at 7:34 a.m. ET and last around 5 1/2 hours.

A partial solar eclipse will take place on January 6, 2019, which is Sunday.

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What is a partial solar eclipse? You are looking at the moon, not at the sun.

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Known as "The Backyard Astronomer", Gary Boyle is an astronomy educator, guest speaker and monthly columnist for the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada. He is now honoured with renaming of Asteroid (22406) Garyboyle.

If the Great American Eclipse of August 2017 left you hungry for another colossal cosmic event, then you're in luck-sort of. There's no internal trigger that is going to let you know that you've looked at the sun for too long.

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