Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro was sworn in before the Supreme Court of Justice (TSJ) to begin a new six-year term.
The re-inauguration took place before the country's Supreme Court instead of its opposition-run Congress, which has been stripped of its powers since Maduro's ruling Socialist Party lost control of it in 2016.
Maduro was re-elected last May in voting boycotted by the majority of the opposition and dismissed as a fraud by the United States, European Union and Organization of American States.
"The US will not recognise the Maduro dictatorship's illegitimate inauguration", national security advisor John Bolton tweeted.
"A new world has risen up that refuses to be controlled by the imperial and hegemonic orders of a single nation or its satellite countries", Maduro said following his swearing-in.More news: Phillies to hire Manny Machado's mentor from Baltimore
David Smilde, Tulane University expert on Venezuela, said that this isn't likely to create change.
The hand-picked successor of Chavez won a second term in a May election that opponents and many in the global community reject as a sham.
Maduro's second term coincides with the assumption of power in Brazil of one of his greatest detractors, ultra-conservative Jair Bolsonaro who, backed by US President Donald Trump, is looking to form a regional coalition against the "dictatorship".
The U.S. and 13 other countries in the Americas said last week that they would not recognize Maduro's presidency.
"There are problems in Venezuela, like in any other country". Meanwhile, Paraguay cut off diplomatic ties with Venezuela.More news: Professional Tennis Players Investigated In Match-Fixing Scandal
Five Latin American countries and Canada have asked the International Criminal Court to investigate Venezuela for crimes against humanities, including torture and the arbitrary detention of anti-government protesters.
In a statement yesterday evening, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade Kamina Johnson Smith said: "The Government of Jamaica, in supporting the resolution, acknowledges that the fundamental values and principles, including the maintenance of the rule of law, respect for human rights, and democracy, as well as non-intervention in the internal affairs of states, remain pertinent considerations. like the several countries represented here".
Many other countries in Europe and Latin America snubbed Maduro's inauguration ceremony, but the socialist presidents of Cuba and Bolivia, Miguel Diaz-Canel and Evo Morales, showed up to support him.
Hyperinflation, widespread hunger and deaths from preventable diseases in formerly oil-rich Venezuela have sparked an exodus of more than 3 million people, from a nation with a population of just over 30 million, Otis reports. Maduro's government has jailed or driven into exile its most popular opposition leaders. The UN has said more than 5 million will have fled by the end of this year.
"No authoritarian and repressive government falls just because its opponents - weak and disorganized - demand it".More news: Phew! Prince William Did Not Forget Kate Middleton's 37th Birthday